These Animals Prove The Endangered Species Act Really Does Work


American Alligator

For over 40 years, the Endangered Species Act has been saving plants and animals from extinction.

Co-administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1,400 domestic species of plants and animals and 600 foreign species are currently protected under this law — and less than one percent of those species have ever been delisted because of extinction, according to Defenders of Wildlife.

Species can gain protection under the act via a classification of “endangered,” meaning “a species is considered in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range,” or “threatened,” meaning “a species is considered likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future, but is not currently in danger of extinction,” according to the USFWS. Protection under this law warrants advanced habitat protection, extensive monitoring and take-and-trade bans or restrictions.

The Endangered Species Act has always been a controversial topic, as some critics argue it’s not fully successful and hinders economic development. This past week, 13 GOP lawmakers called for an overhaul of this act, suggesting states should have more say over animals within their borders, that there needs to be “more accurate economic impact studies” and other suggestions, according to AP. Experts, however, say the overhaul is unlikely.

Proponents argue that species resurgence takes time, and relies on multiple factors like the amount of time spent under the Endangered Species Act, critical habitat protection and recovery plans, according to the Center for Biological Diversity.

Amid this controversy, here are nine examples that prove the Endangered Species Act can be successful.

Taken from the Huffington Post 10th February, 2014

Arizona Attacks Mexican Gray Wolves


A Mexican gray wolf at the Sevilleta Wolf Management Facility in New Mexico in 2011.

Last week’s release of population numbers for Mexican gray wolves was disappointing, but this week there is something really atrocious to yowl about. The Arizona Senate Government and Environment Committee approved three measures that, quite literally, place a target on lobos, and could devastate future recovery efforts. This imperiled population of only 83 wolves now face a triple threat from local legislators including: a proposed bill from Senator Gail Griffin that would allow Arizonans to trap and kill Mexican gray wolves despite federal law; a second bill that appropriates $250,000 in state money to fund state litigation to block federal recovery efforts; and finally, a resolution from Griffin that derails recovery by shifting management control to the state in order to halt reintroduction efforts. This action was aptly described in a recent Arizona Republiceditorial: “Lobos remain perilously close to extinction’s cliff, and Arizona’s Legislature is poised to give them a shove over the edge.

Read more here at Defenders of Wildlife

Please join us to stand for Mexican wolf recovery at upcoming federal hearings!


Posted on behalf of Lobos of the Southwest

Please join us to stand for Mexican wolf recovery at  upcoming federal hearings!

mexican wolfWe will hold Save the Lobo gatherings at two USFWS Public Hearings on proposed changes for Mexican wolves:

Wednesday, November 20, 2013
The Embassy Suites in Albuquerque, NM
4:00 pm to 9:00 pm

Tuesday, December 3, 2013
Hon-Dah Resort, Casino & Conference Center near Pinetop, AZ
3:00 pm to 8:30 pm

Testify at a Public Hearing to Save the Lobo from Extinction
Fifteen years after they were reintroduced, only about 75 Mexican gray wolves remain in the wild, and they have undergone dangerous genetic deterioration due to government and private shooting and trapping, along with a freeze on wolf releases to the wild. Mexican wolves are considered the most endangered mammal in North America, and the most endangered unique subspecies of wolf in the world.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) now proposes changes to Mexican wolf management —two good changes and many more that threaten the lobos’ survival and recovery.
The USFWS will hold public hearings in Albuquerque, NM & Pinetop, AZ on its June 13, 2013 (78 Fed.Reg 35664), proposal to list the Mexican wolf as an endangered subspecies and to delist the gray wolf elsewhere (click here for the gray wolf delisting proposal and online comment form), as well as the June 13, 2013 (78 Fed Reg 35719), proposed revision to the nonessential experimental population of the Mexican wolf (click here for the proposed changes for Mexican wolves and online comment form).

Your voice is needed at these hearings to show support for the lobo.
The Koch brothers, secretive anti-conservation billionaires, have teamed up with the agricultural industry to sway the government at this event and speak out against wolves.  We can’t let them drown out the voice of the majority of people who support wolves in the Southwest and want to see Mexican wolves recovered in the Grand Canyon region!
This is a critical opportunity to express our public support for Mexican wolves and help determine their future management and long-term recovery.  You and other supporters of the Mexican wolf are all that will stand between extinction and survival for these critically endangered, beautiful and intelligent animals.
*
Please join us as we stand up for the lobo on November 20 & December 3.
Hearing details:
*
Albuquerque, NM on November 20:
Location:
Event Embassy Suites, 1000 Woodward Place NE, Albuquerque, NM 87102
Schedule:

Starting at 4 p.m., conservation groups we will be offering information, materials,coffee, and support in the Ocotillo II room at the hearing venue.
At 5 pm, the US Fish and Wildlife Service will open the hearing room so that people canbegin signing up to speak.
From 5:15 to 6 p.m. a sidewalk rally will be held outside the hearing location to show public support for Mexican wolf recovery. Participants should dress warmly.
6:00 to 9:00 p.m. Public Hearing

A pre-hearing training call will be hosted on November 19th by Defenders of Wildlife to help you prepare for the hearing. For more information about what to expect and to RSVP for the training call, click here. 

To help make phone calls to lobo supporters about the ABQ hearing, email emma@nmwild.org

Hon-Dah, Near Pinetop, AZ on December 3:
Location:
Hon-Dah Conference Center, 777 Highway 260, near Pinetop, AZ 85935
(3 miles outside of Pinetop at the Junction of Hwy 260 and Hwy 73)
Schedule:

From 3:00 p.m. until the hearing ends, conservation groups will host a hospitality room at the Hon-Dah Conference Center where wolf supporters can get information, coffee, and help with comments.
3:30 to 5:00 p.m. US Fish and Wildlife Service Public Information meeting. Be forewarned: the information presented in this meeting will include propaganda to support delisting the gray wolf and reducing protections for Mexican wolves.
6:00 to 8:30 p.m. Public Hearing on wolf proposals

A pre-hearing training call will be hosted on November 19th by Defenders of Wildlife to help you prepare for the hearing. For more information about what to expect and to RSVP for the training call, click here. 

More details about the hearings are posted on our website here

Sign up to offer a ride or join a carpool here

Even if you can’t make it to either one of these critical hearings, your voice is still needed.
Please submit comments to the USFWS online today!  

Click here to comment on the proposed changes for Mexican wolves

Click here to comment on the proposed delisting of gray wolves nationwide

The comment deadline has been extended until December 17, 2013.

Thank you for standing for Mexican wolves at this critical time!
SaveTheLoboABQ and Hondah-1

Related articles
Who’s Afraid of the American Gray Wolf?
Mexican Wolf protection plan to increase habitat and reduce killing raises hackles in Southwest
Wolves are not vermin or pests, yet the State of Wyoming wants to kill them all
3 Mexican Wolves to Be Removed After Attacks

Delisting the Wolf – Your Help is Needed!


Grey wolf howling

Image: Lynn M. Stone / Nature Picture Library

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is in its comment period on their proposal to remove the wolf from the Endangered Species Act in the lower 48.  Hearings are being held throughout the country.  If you can go, please do.  If that’s not possible, please write or call.  They need to hear from people who want the wolf protected, not only from those who don’t.

AMENDMENT
Many thanks to my good friend, Carmen Mandel, for providing a DIRECT LINK to add your comments. Please add yours. There are almost 32,000 signatures, as I write this, but this figure falls a long way short of previous opportunities.
This is so important
Please add your comment now
Your Voice in Federal Decision-Making

ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO COMMENT
Please click here for details

Click here for more details:
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Related links:
Defenders of Wildlife
Grey Wolves Left Out in the Cold
Wild Wolf Encounters – Monica Glickman
Gray Wolves May Lose Endangered Status, But Not Without a Fight
How Will Delisting Affect California’s Part-Time Wolf Population?

NOTE: The two proposed rules published in the Federal Register on June 13, 2013.  The public comment periods that were due to close on September 11 have now been extended through 11:59 pm December 17, 2013.

Fast Fact Attack: Endangered Species No. 65 – The Red Wolf


Red wolf

Source: Fact Zoo

“We have doomed the wolf not for what it is, but for what we deliberately and mistakenly perceive it to be –the mythologised epitome of a savage ruthless killer – which is, in reality, no more than a reflected image of ourself”
Farley Mowat

After being virtually wiped out at the arrival of the 1960s, following man’s unyielding and misguided purge against them  (or intensive predator control programs as they preferred to call them),  the red wolf was finally declared endangered in 1967.  In 1980, it was declared extinct in the wild.  At the time of the latter declaration, only seventeen pure red wolves survived,  all of which had been captured and taken into captivity.  They subsequently became part of the red wolf recovery program.  Fourteen of these wolves were to become the founders of today’s population.

In 1987 the species was reintroduced into the wilds of North Carolina by the USFWS.  The red wolf is now firmly re-established there, the only place it can be found, and is making a slow, but steady comeback.  But, the species still remains critically endangered;  with less than one hundred surviving in the wild and some two hundred still in kept captivity, as part of the survival plan.

The red wolf (Canis rufus) is one of only two species of wolf in North America, and the first wolf species to be reintroduced in the United States.  The other species is the grey wolf (Canis lupus).  The red wolf is not a subspecies of the grey wolf, as is often thought.

Red wolves are larger than coyotes , but smaller than grey wolves.  They have noticeably long legs, large feet and fairly substantial ears. Their coats are brown to grey with black along the back and reddish tinges behind the ears, neck and legs. They moult annually.

The weigh in at between fifty to eighty pounds, can attain a length of up to five and a half feet, and reach over two and a half feet at the shoulder.  Males tend to be larger than females. They may live up to the age of eight years in the wild, but tend to survive much longer in captivity, sometimes up to as much as fifteen years.

Red wolves live in family groups (packs) which consist of a breeding adult pair (the alpha male and female) and their various offspring. There are typically five to eight animals in a pack. They hunt alone, or in small packs, and are primarily nocturnal. Communication is by scent marking, howling and body gestures.

Red wolves are monogamous.  The breeding season takes place between January and March.  There follows a gestation period of sixty-three days, after which the female will give birth to an average of three to six pups  (this figure may be much low as one or as high as twelve).  Pups are born blind and will open their eyes after ten days.  The mother will keep the newborns in the birth den for the first couple of weeks before moving them to a succession of other dens, and later presenting them to the rest of the pack.  Fathers and other female members of the pack all help with the care of the pups.

Habitat
Mixed forests, wetlands and agricultural lands.
Where
Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge on the north-eastern coast of North Carolina.
What they eat
Raccoon, rabbit, various rodents, nutria, insects and white-tailed deer.
Threats
Habitat loss, road accidents, disease, human conflict, , illegal slaughter and interbreeding with coyotes.  An additional threat looming on the horizon is that of climate change.  The red wolf’s low-lying coastal habitat is slowly sinking, at the same time sea level is rising.  It is predicted, within the next one hundred years up to one-third of the red wolf’s current habitat could be submerged.
Status: Critically Endangered

The red wolf (Canis rufus) once ranged throughout eastern North America, but is now listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Critically Endangered.  It is also protected under Cites Appendix 1.  It is thought only one hundred to one hundred and twenty individuals exist in the wild (eight fatalities were recorded in 2013), with a further two hundred in the Species Survival Plan, a captive breeding program in place in various locations across the United States.  All extant red wolves are descended from just fourteen founders. Without the captive breeding programmes in place, the red wolf would not have survived as a species.

Further details on the status of the red wolf can be found here:
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Field Trip Earth